Scientific name Punica granatum fruit native to Asia that has adapted very well even in the Mediterranean area. In recent years, the cultivation of pomegranates has grown exponentially thanks to the placing on the market of new varieties that allow a longer period of availability, but above all thanks to the well-known beneficial characteristics for the body.
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The average weight of the fruit is about 500 gr, inside there are arils of an intense red color with purple hues, the seeds are absent in some varieties, while in others they are small in size with soft fabrics that make them almost imperceptible to the palate.
Many beneficial properties are recognized to the pomegranate, so much so that it is defined as a "food-drug", thanks to the high content of antioxidant substances and vitamins, in particular vitamins belonging to group A and group C. The pomegranate is also known for its anti-tumor properties and beneficial actions on the cardio-circulatory system.
The new plants feature intensive farming forms, which involves the use of a structure consisting of poles and metal wires on which the plant is raised. The ground provides for the arrangement in trunks covered with mulching sheet with double color, the visible part of the sheet is white in color which has a reflective action of sunlight which benefits the plant as it favors an increase in the photosynthetic reaction. The internal part, the one that comes into contact with the ground, is black to avoid the passage of light and consequently the control of weeds.
The planting layout is 6x2 with an investment of about 800 plants per hectare, with an average adult production of 300 quintals per hectare. The temperature changes between day and night, typical of the areas of southern Italy, favor the color of the fruit and the anticipation of ripening.